Archive for the 'Chapter 18: Industry, Society, and Environment' Category

Steam Power!

Friday, April 23rd, 2010

In 1760’s James Watts has built the first efficient steam engine. His early machines were used to help pump water out of coal mines. Since coal was one of the major sources of energy in that time, they smelted it with led to improve metallurgy, which resulted in construction of a better steam engine. These […]

Innovations in Production

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

Many families in Early Western Europe recieved their incomes from farming wool or linen for spinning and weaving. However, this usually took an extensive period of time and the laborers were often paid poorly. Merchants started to make deals with the laborers that included an exchange of raw materials for working tools. This started to make things go […]

Agriculture, Demographics, and Labor during the Industrial Revolution

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

In the late 1700s, most people in Europe were still farmers. Although, the cultivation of the lands had not much changed from the Middle Ages. All of these farmers had the same routine. They planted the same crops every year, with the same soil, and grew it the same also. In the 18th century, an […]

Rural and Urban Lifestlyes during the Industrial Revolution

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

During the Industrial Revolution, work patterms started to change from farming and household chores to factory and mine working. This brought on more machines working rather than humans. This was a huge change for people during this period of time. Most people worked for generations (mostly farmers and peasants) doing the same thing their families did for years. […]

Chapter 18-Industrialization

Thursday, February 11th, 2010

One of the main sources of income for families came from their land( or working for someone else’s), where wool and linen was produced. When new manufacturing jobs came out, more people were drawn to them, because the salary was better, as well as the hours. When those job demands grew, merchants then started what were […]

Chapter 18 Industry, Society and Environment

Thursday, February 4th, 2010

Although, industrialization in England improved the health quality due to new techniques, it was counter balanced with demoralizing and dangerous work in factories.   Little by little, acts were passed to improve conditions. Factory Act 1819 Limited the hours worked by children to a maximum of 12 per day. Factory Act 1833 Children under 9 banned […]

Friedrich Engels (1820-1875)

Thursday, February 4th, 2010

In the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution, one of the leaders that our book mentions is Friedrich Engels. He helped the people of Manchester become aware of the growing problems in housing, such as overcrowding and filth. He wrote about how thousands of people live in these conditions and how the rural workers were getting […]