Archive for the 'Chapter 16: The Age of Enlightenment: Rationalism and its Uses' Category

Improving Conditions: Crime & Punishment

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

What makes inmates behave when let outside (yet surrounded by fence) and makes guards relax a bit more? The tower in the middle of the prison is like someone is always watching you. This constant fear, one may call, is what may keep inmate continually behaving. Instead of being locked up, inmates today to daily […]

Voltaire’s Take on Leibniz, Jesuits, and Monkeys

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

My research paper was all about Voltaire’s Candide and the social commentary it made on the Enlightenment era. Briefly I will describe the plot of this satirical work and how it pokes fun of the time. Candide is roughly 100 pages long and easy to read. So whether you wish to read up  on Voltaire’s […]

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Cartoon

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

Nicole Steck Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an outspoken author who argued that, unlike the philosophes of the time posited, society was more than the sum of its parts. He is well-known for being the author of several acclaimed treatises, including Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and The Social Contract. A thought-provoking cartoon about Rousseau can […]

Arts in the Enlightenment

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

Nicole Steck The Enlightenment was characterized by an increase in thought, literature, philosophy, and the arts. Many of the most striking art forms include architecture and music. Much of the music remains celebrated today, especially that of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Mozart, now one of the most famous composers of all time, lived in relative obscurity […]

Writers: Hobbes & von Goethe

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

Nicole Steck The Enlightenment was a time of overarching societal changes, including a new divergence from formerly influential religious traditions. The Enlightenment, with its emphasis on humanity, fostered a great deal of new literature. Many of the great Enlightenment authors are still widely read and renowned today, including Jonathan Swift, Voltaire, Thomas Hobbes, and Wolfgang […]

Religion During the Enlightenment

Thursday, April 22nd, 2010

During the Reformation era, the Roman Catholic Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was founded and became a leading group in promoting and providing education. Many leader of the Enlightenment were Jesuit educated, making them the most influential teachers in the Age of Enlightenment. They tended to stress traits, such as discipline and intellectual exactitude, that were […]

François-Marie Arouet: Voltaire

Wednesday, April 21st, 2010

Nicole Steck Voltaire is probably the single best-known Enlightenment author. Born François-Marie Arouet in 1694, Voltaire was a pen name adopted by the philosophe-writer as a play on his own last name. Arouet’s first work was written while in prison in 1717, and at that time adopted the nickname Voltaire. Exiled in 1726 for insulting […]

Emilie du Chatelet

Tuesday, April 20th, 2010

One of the most famous authors who came out of the Enlightenment period was Voltaire, who advocated civil liberties and social reform. Many people, though, fail to recognize his muse Emilie du Chatelet, a brillant author and mathematician in her own right. Du Chatelet was an accomplished physicist, who in 1737 wrote a paper predicting […]

Chapter 16: Key Players

Friday, February 5th, 2010

Most philosophers of the Enlightenment were from either aristocratic or middle-class backgrounds with university education. In order to effectively remember the important players I have made an outline of the philosophers and their contributions. John Locke -In Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693) Locke concluded that education determined human character. –Essay Concerning Human Understanding: reiterated that […]

Ch. 16: Enlightenment Thinkers: John Locke, Immanuel Kant, Adam Smith

Friday, February 5th, 2010

Nicole Steck Some of the key thinkers of the Enlightenment included physician-philosopher John Locke, German philosopher Immanuel Kant, and noted economist and professor Adam Smith. John Locke, a prominent physician and philosopher in Britain during the Enlightenment, is the father of many important concepts still widely known and followed today, including the theory of tabula […]